How fast is fast enough on the treadmill or elliptical? How far to jog? The intensity of strength training, resistance training and anaerobic training is measured by the amount of weight used and the number of repetitions and sets performed. The intensity of aerobic activity is measured differently, since its primary effect is on the heart, lungs and cardiovascular system; and primarily affects heart rate and breathing.
The talk test is a simple way to measure relative intensity. In general, if you’re doing moderate-intensity activity, you can talk but not sing during the activity.
In general, if you’re doing vigorous-intensity activity, you will not be able to say more than a few words without pausing for a breath.
If you want to get more scientific and more precise, you can use these methods: